Anti-Nutrient

Molecule:

Phytic Acid

Foods:

Bran of grains and pseudo-grains, all kind of seeds, nuts, legumes, potatoes.
Phytic Acid

How to Neutralize:

Birds and ruminant animals: phytase enzyme. Partially by soaking, cooking, fermenting, sprouting.

Negative Effects:

Binding with minerals of food in the gut: deficiency of iron, zinc, calcium and other minerals. Reduces the digestibility of starches, proteins, and fats.


Phytic acid occurs naturally throughout the plant kingdom and is present in considerable quantities within many of the major legumes and oilseeds. This includes soybean, rapeseed and cotton seed. Matyka et al. (1993) reported that about 62-73% and 46-73% of the total phosphorus within cereal grains and legume seeds being in form of organically bound phytin phosphorus, respectively. As phytic acid accumulates in storage sites in seeds, other minerals apparently chelates to it forming the complex salt phytate (Erdman, 1979). Studies by Martinez (1977) revealed that in oilseeds, which contain little or no endosperm, the phytates are distributed throughout the kernel found within subcellular inclusions called aleurone grains or protein bodies. Whole soybeans have been reported to contain 1-2% phytic acids (Weingartner, 1987; Osho, 1993). The major part of the phosphorus contained within phytic acid are largely unavailable to animals due to the absence of the enzyme phytase within the digestive tract of monogastric animals. Nwokolo and Bragg (1977) reported that in the chicken there is a significant inverse relationship between phytic acid and the availability of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and zinc in feedstuffs such as rapeseed, palm kernel seed, cotton seed and soybean meals. Phytic acid acts as a strong chelator, forming protein and mineral-phytic acid complexes; the net result being reduced protein and mineral bioavailability (Erdman, 1979; Spinelli et al., 1983; Khare, 2000). Phytic acid is reported to chelate metal ions such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, iron and molybdenum to form insoluble complexes that are not readily absorbed from gastrointestinal tract. Phytic acid also inhibits the action of gastrointestinal tyrosinase, trypsin, pepsin, lipase and “-amylase (Liener, 1980; Hendricks and Bailey, 1989; Khare, 2000). Erdman (1979) stated that the greatest effect of phytic acid on human nutrition is its reduction of zinc bioavailability.


Phytate in foods and significance for humans: food sources, intake, processing, bioavailability, protective role and analysis


Abstract

The article gives an overview of phytic acid in food and of its significance for human nutrition. It summarises phytate sources in foods and discusses problems of phytic acid/phytate contents of food tables. Data on phytic acid intake are evaluated and daily phytic acid intake depending on food habits is assessed. Degradation of phytate during gastro-intestinal passage is summarised, the mechanism of phytate interacting with minerals and trace elements in the gastro-intestinal chyme described and the pathway of inositol phosphate hydrolysis in the gut presented. The present knowledge of phytate absorption is summarised and discussed. Effects of phytate on mineral and trace element bioavailability are reported and phytate degradation during processing and storage is described. Beneficial activities of dietary phytate such as its effects on calcification and kidney stone formation and on lowering blood glucose and lipids are reported. The antioxidative property of phytic acid and its potentional anticancerogenic activities are briefly surveyed. Development of the analysis of phytic acid and other inositol phosphates is described, problems of inositol phosphate determination and detection discussed and the need for standardisation of phytic acid analysis in foods argued.


Phytate content of foods: effect on dietary zinc bioavailability

Abstract

The phytate content of several foods is presented. Published zinc values were used to calculate phytate:zinc molar ratios. These ratios can be used to estimate the relative risk of having an inadequate intake of zinc. They may be used in planning menus to select the combination of foods that will supply the most available zinc to the daily diet. On the basis of animal experiments to date, a daily phytate:zinc molar ratio of 10 or less is thought to be acceptable in providing adequate dietary zinc, and daily ratios consistently above 20 may jeopardize zinc status. Many factors other than the daily dietary phytate:zinc molar ratio influence zinc nutriture, but the ratio concept is a tool which may contribute to a more accurate assessment of zinc status.

Food Name
Food Group
Protein (g)
Fat (g)
Carbohydrates (g)
Calories
Starch (g)
SucroseG
Glucose (g)
Fructose (g)
Lactose (g)
Maltose (g)
Alcohol (g)
Water (g)
Caffeine (mg)
Theobromine (mg)
Sugar (g)
Fiber (g)
Calcium (mg)
Iron (mg)
Magnesium (mg)
Phosphorus (mg)
Potassium (mg)
Sodium (mg)
Zinc (mg)
Copper (mg)
Flouride (mcg)
Manganese (mg)
Selenium(mcg)
Vitamin A(IU)
Retinol (mcg)
Beta Carotene (mcg)
Alpha Carotene (mcg)
Vitamin E (mg)
Vitamin D (mcg)
Lutein and Zeaxanthin
Vitamin C (mg)
Thiamin (B1) (mg)
Riboflavin (B2)(mg)
Niacin(B3)(mg)
Vitamin B5(mg)
Vitamin B6 (mg)
Folate (B9) (mg)
Choline (mg)
Cholesterol (mg)
Saturated Fat (g)
Net Carbs
Cereals ready-to-eat, OAT BRAN FLAKES, HEALTH VALLEY
Breakfast Cereals
10
3
78
380
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
3.4
0
0
22
8
80
2.88
143
343
340
380
2.2
0.319
NULL
2.903
26.5
0
0
0
0
0.53
0
203
120
0.75
0.85
10
0.896
1
200
22.9
0
1
70
Vital wheat gluten
Cereal Grains and Pasta
75.16
1.85
13.79
370
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
8.2
0
0
0
0.6
142
5.2
25
260
100
29
0.85
0.182
NULL
NULL
39.7
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
NULL
0
0.272
13.19
Cereals ready-to-eat, wheat and bran, presweetened with nuts and fruits
Breakfast Cereals
7.1
5.6
76.2
385
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
8.5
0
0
23.6
9.7
43
9.82
120
294
382
245
2.73
0.473
NULL
2.474
17.3
1364
410
0
0
2.32
1.8
0
0
0.68
0.77
9.09
0.775
0.91
182
28.5
0
0.8
66.5
Soybean, curd cheese
Legumes and Legume Products
12.5
8.1
6.9
151
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
70.9
0
0
1.6
0
188
5.6
228
222
199
20
1.72
0.38
NULL
0.889
16.8
42
0
25
0
0.6
0
0
0
0
0.14
0.5
0.116
0.07
22
62.5
0
1.172
6.9
Cereals ready-to-eat, POST, Shredded Wheat n' Bran, spoon-size
Breakfast Cereals
10.93
2.06
80.65
339
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
3.14
0
0
0.75
14.7
44
3.87
174
418
391
0
3.13
0
NULL
NULL
8.2
0
0
0
0
1.09
0
236
0
0.2
0.08
5.2
NULL
0.08
30
23.1
0
0.43
65.95
Babyfood, peas and brown rice
Baby Foods
3.4
0.5
11.49
64
0.68
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
84.1
0
0
2.89
2.5
14
1.5
25
52
93
6
0.46
0.08
39.4
NULL
1.2
390
0
228
11
0.07
0
1261
3
0.1
0.08
1.4
NULL
0.06
16
14.7
0
0.1
8.99
Peanut butter, reduced sodium
Legumes and Legume Products
24
49.9
21.83
590
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
1.1
0
0
9.29
6.6
41
1.9
159
317
747
203
2.78
0.515
NULL
NULL
7.5
0
0
0
0
9.05
0
0
0
0.12
0.11
13.69
NULL
0.45
92
63.5
0
7.716
15.23
Corn flour, whole-grain, white
Cereal Grains and Pasta
6.93
3.86
76.85
361
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
10.91
0
0
0.64
7.3
7
2.38
93
272
315
5
1.73
0.23
NULL
0.46
15.4
3
0
1
0
0.42
0
5
0
0.246
0.08
1.9
0.658
0.37
25
21.6
0
0.543
69.55
Corn flour, yellow, masa, enriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
8.46
3.69
76.59
363
66
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
9.79
NULL
NULL
NULL
6.4
138
8.5
93
231
262
5
1.8
0.209
NULL
0.376
10.5
214
0
97
63
NULL
0
6
0
1.475
0.805
9.932
0.192
0.475
209
NULL
0
0.532
70.19
Cornmeal, whole-grain, white
Cereal Grains and Pasta
8.12
3.59
76.89
362
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
10.26
0
0
0.64
7.3
6
3.45
127
241
287
35
1.82
0.193
NULL
0.498
15.5
3
0
1
0
0.42
0
5
0
0.385
0.201
3.632
0.425
0.304
25
21.6
0
0.505
69.59
Cornmeal, white, self-rising, bolted, with wheat flour added, enriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
8.41
2.85
73.43
348
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
10.33
NULL
NULL
NULL
6.3
299
4.95
54
651
207
1319
1.39
0.139
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0
0.713
0.433
5.202
0.383
0.385
264
NULL
0
0.4
67.13
Wheat flour, white, all-purpose, enriched, calcium-fortified
Cereal Grains and Pasta
10.33
0.98
76.31
364
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
11.92
NULL
NULL
NULL
2.7
252
4.64
22
108
107
2
0.7
0.144
NULL
0.682
NULL
0
0
NULL
NULL
0.06
0
NULL
0
0.785
0.494
5.904
0.438
0.044
183
NULL
0
0.155
73.61
Wheat flour, white, all-purpose, unenriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
10.33
0.98
76.31
364
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
11.92
0
0
0.27
2.7
15
1.17
22
108
107
2
0.7
0.144
NULL
0.682
33.9
0
0
0
0
0.06
0
18
0
0.12
0.04
1.25
0.438
0.044
26
10.4
0
0.155
73.61
Wheat flour, white, all-purpose, enriched, unbleached
Cereal Grains and Pasta
10.33
0.98
76.31
364
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
11.92
0
0
0.27
2.7
15
4.64
22
108
107
2
0.7
0.144
NULL
0.682
33.9
2
0
1
0
0.23
0
79
0
0.785
0.494
5.904
0.438
0.044
183
NULL
0
0.155
73.61
Wheat flour, white (industrial), 9% protein, bleached, enriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
8.89
1.43
77.32
367
68.01
0.26
0.03
0.03
0
0.22
0
11.85
0
0
0.54
NULL
20
5.06
20
85
131
2
0.94
0.165
NULL
0.628
11.4
0
0
0
0
0.05
0
18
0
0.736
0.445
5.953
0.187
0.037
170
10.4
0
0.34
77.32
Wheat flour, white (industrial), 9% protein, bleached, unenriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
8.89
1.43
77.32
367
68.01
0.26
0.03
0.03
0
0.22
0
11.85
0
0
0.54
2.4
20
1.26
20
85
131
2
0.94
0.165
NULL
0.628
11.4
0
0
0
0
0.05
0
18
0
0.194
0.072
1.198
0.187
0.037
31
10.4
0
0.34
74.92
Wheat flour, white (industrial), 10% protein, bleached, enriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
9.71
1.48
76.22
366
64.48
0.2
0.03
0.03
0
0.23
0
12.01
0
0
0.49
2.4
20
5.06
25
107
149
2
1.02
0.188
NULL
0.818
14.6
0
0
0
0
0.05
0
18
0
0.736
0.445
5.953
0.248
0.037
170
10.4
0
0.302
73.82
Wheat flour, white (industrial), 10% protein, bleached, unenriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
9.71
1.48
76.22
366
64.48
0.2
0.03
0.03
0
0.23
0
12.01
0
0
0.49
2.4
20
1.26
25
107
149
2
1.02
0.188
NULL
0.818
14.6
0
0
0
0
0.05
0
18
0
0.194
0.072
1.198
0.248
0.037
31
10.4
0
0.302
73.82
Wheat flour, white (industrial), 10% protein, unbleached, enriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
9.71
1.48
76.22
366
64.48
0.2
0.03
0.03
0
0.23
NULL
12.01
NULL
NULL
0.49
2.4
20
5.06
25
107
149
2
1.02
0.188
NULL
0.818
14.6
0
NULL
0
0
0.38
0
18
0
0.736
0.445
5.953
0.248
0.037
170
10.4
NULL
0.302
73.82
Wheat flour, white (industrial), 13% protein, bleached, enriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
13.07
1.38
72.2
362
61.22
0.16
0.03
0.03
0
0.87
0
12.82
0
0
1.1
2.4
24
5.06
35
119
128
2
1.6
0.187
NULL
0.624
26.2
0
0
0
0
0.05
0
18
0
0.736
0.445
5.953
0.386
0.045
170
10.4
0
0.189
69.8
Wheat flour, white (industrial), 13% protein, bleached, unenriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
13.07
1.38
72.2
362
61.22
0.16
0.03
0.03
0
0.87
0
12.82
0
0
1.1
2.4
24
1.26
35
119
128
2
1.6
0.187
NULL
0.624
26.2
0
0
0
0
0.05
0
18
0
0.194
0.072
1.198
0.386
0.045
31
10.4
0
0.189
69.8
Wheat flour, white (industrial), 15% protein, bleached, enriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
15.33
1.41
69.88
362
59.52
0.15
0.03
0.03
0
0.71
0
12.85
0
0
0.92
2.4
17
5.06
38
128
120
2
1.16
0.195
NULL
0.569
28.1
0
0
0
0
0.05
0
18
0
0.736
0.445
5.953
0.427
0.045
170
10.4
0
0.272
67.48
Wheat flour, white (industrial), 15% protein, bleached, unenriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
15.33
1.41
69.88
362
59.52
0.15
0.03
0.03
0
0.71
0
12.85
0
0
0.92
2.4
17
1.26
38
128
120
2
1.16
0.195
NULL
0.569
28.1
0
0
0
0
0.05
0
18
0
0.194
0.072
1.198
0.427
0.045
31
10.4
0
0.272
67.48
Wheat flour, white, cake, enriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
8.2
0.86
78.03
362
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
12.51
0
0
0.31
1.7
14
7.32
16
85
105
2
0.62
0.139
NULL
0.634
4.9
0
0
0
0
0.02
0
3
0
0.892
0.43
6.79
0.458
0.033
186
10.4
0
0.127
76.33
Wheat flour, white, tortilla mix, enriched
Cereal Grains and Pasta
9.66
10.63
67.14
405
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
10.08
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
205
7.05
21
210
100
677
0.64
0.1
NULL
0.614
NULL
0
0
NULL
NULL
1.64
0
NULL
0
0.735
0.493
5.82
0.394
0.04
136
11.1
0
4.1
67.14
Wheat, sprouted
Cereal Grains and Pasta
7.49
1.27
42.53
198
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
47.75
NULL
NULL
NULL
1.1
28
2.14
82
200
169
16
1.65
0.261
NULL
1.858
42.5
0
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
2.6
0.225
0.155
3.087
0.947
0.265
38
NULL
0
0.206
41.43
Oat flour, partially debranned
Cereal Grains and Pasta
14.66
9.12
65.7
404
NULL
0.5
0.1
0
NULL
NULL
0
8.55
0
0
0.8
6.5
55
4
144
452
371
19
3.2
0.437
NULL
4.019
34
0
0
0
0
0.7
0
180
0
0.692
0.125
1.474
0.201
0.125
32
29.9
0
1.607
59.2
Oat bran, cooked
Cereal Grains and Pasta
3.21
0.86
11.44
40
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
84
NULL
NULL
NULL
2.6
10
0.88
40
119
92
1
0.53
0.066
NULL
0.964
7.7
0
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0
0.16
0.034
0.144
0.217
0.025
6
NULL
0
0.163
8.84
Rice bran, crude
Cereal Grains and Pasta
13.35
20.85
49.69
316
NULL
0.5
0.2
0.2
NULL
NULL
0
6.13
0
0
0.9
21
57
18.54
781
1677
1485
5
6.04
0.728
NULL
14.21
15.6
0
0
0
0
4.92
0
220
0
2.753
0.284
33.995
7.39
4.07
63
32.2
0
4.171
28.69
Wheat bran, crude
Cereal Grains and Pasta
15.55
4.25
64.51
216
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
9.89
0
0
0.41
42.8
73
10.57
611
1013
1182
2
7.27
0.998
NULL
11.5
77.6
9
0
6
0
1.49
0
240
0
0.523
0.577
13.578
2.181
1.303
79
74.4
0
0.63
21.71
Wheat germ, crude
Cereal Grains and Pasta
23.15
9.72
51.8
360
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
11.12
NULL
NULL
NULL
13.2
39
6.26
239
842
892
12
12.29
0.796
NULL
13.301
79.2
0
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0
1.882
0.499
6.813
2.257
1.3
281
NULL
0
1.665
38.6
Corn bran, crude
Cereal Grains and Pasta
8.36
0.92
85.64
224
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
4.71
0
0
0
79
42
2.79
64
72
44
7
1.56
0.248
NULL
0.14
16.5
71
0
32
21
0.42
0
1355
0
0.01
0.1
2.735
0.636
0.152
4
18.1
0
0.13
6.64
Bread, rice bran, toasted
Baked Products
9.7
5
47.3
264
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
35.9
0
0
5.08
5.3
75
3.92
76
174
212
292
1.38
0.182
NULL
1.521
31.2
1
0
0
0
0.71
0
51
0
0.568
0.293
6.662
0.26
0.208
79
15.9
0
0.771
42
Bread, wheat germ, toasted
Baked Products
10.7
3.3
54.3
293
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
29.3
0
0
4.14
2.3
100
3.88
38
175
285
621
1.46
0.202
NULL
1.259
30.5
4
0
2
0
0.57
0
58
0.3
0.332
0.379
4.548
0.34
0.096
112
22.1
1
0.738
52
Muffins, wheat bran, toaster-type with raisins, toasted
Baked Products
5.5
9.4
55.5
313
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
27
0
0
23.07
8.2
39
2.83
21
284
177
527
0.44
0.12
NULL
0.433
20.3
190
56
1
0
0.98
NULL
48
0
0.204
0.287
2.317
0.18
0.056
30
NULL
9
1.5
47.3
Rolls, dinner, oat bran
Baked Products
9.5
4.6
40.2
236
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
44
0
0
6.67
4.1
85
4.14
33
115
121
413
1.02
0.136
NULL
0.754
29.3
0
0
0
0
0.48
0
44
0
0.448
0.289
4.954
0.428
0.045
95
14.6
0
0.619
36.1
Muffins, oat bran
Baked Products
7
7.4
48.3
270
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
35
0
0
8.22
4.6
63
4.2
157
376
507
393
1.84
0.33
NULL
2.63
11
0
0
0
0
0.66
0
13
0
0.262
0.095
0.42
1.01
0.161
89
6.6
0
1.087
43.7
Muffins, wheat bran, dry mix
Baked Products
7.1
12
73
396
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
4.8
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
36
3.6
87
480
200
700
1.5
0.2
NULL
2.666
18
0
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
0.36
0.28
5
0.669
0.282
85
NULL
0
2.939
73
Bread, reduced-calorie, oat bran
Baked Products
8
3.2
41.3
201
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
46
0
0
3.52
12
57
3.15
55
139
102
459
1.05
0.291
NULL
1.101
20.6
2
0
1
0
0.28
0
42
0
0.354
0.203
3.763
0.492
0.103
81
14.6
0
0.445
29.3
Bread, reduced-calorie, oat bran, toasted
Baked Products
9.5
3.8
49.2
239
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
35.7
0
0
4.2
14.3
68
3.75
55
144
122
547
1.19
0.147
NULL
1.006
24.5
1
0
2
0
0.33
0
48
0
0.338
0.217
4.032
0.166
0.087
82
16.1
0
0.53
34.9
Bread, rice bran
Baked Products
8.9
4.6
43.5
243
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
41
0
0
4.67
4.9
69
3.61
80
178
215
269
1.31
0.184
NULL
1.585
28.7
3
0
0
0
0.65
0
49
0
0.653
0.3
6.81
0.776
0.268
86
18.7
0
0.709
38.6
Bread, wheat bran
Baked Products
8.8
3.4
47.8
248
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
37.8
0
0
9.68
4
74
3.07
81
185
227
486
1.35
0.221
NULL
1.668
31
0
0
0
0
0.32
0
54
0
0.397
0.287
4.402
0.536
0.176
105
18.7
0
0.779
43.8
Bread, oat bran
Baked Products
10.4
4.4
39.8
236
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
44
0
0
7.7
4.5
65
3.12
35
141
147
353
0.89
0.135
NULL
0.779
30
5
2
0
0
0.44
0
46
0
0.504
0.346
4.831
0.581
0.073
81
18.7
0
0.697
35.3
Bread, oat bran, toasted
Baked Products
11.4
4.8
43.7
259
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
38.5
0
0
8.46
4.9
71
3.43
34
116
123
387
1.05
0.128
NULL
0.76
33
5
2
0
0
0.48
0
48
0
0.443
0.343
4.778
0.114
0.04
69
16.1
0
0.766
38.8
Peanuts, all types, oil-roasted, without salt
Legumes and Legume Products
28.03
52.5
15.26
599
NULL
4.03
0.08
0.08
0
0
0
1.45
0
0
4.18
9.4
61
1.52
176
397
726
6
3.28
0.533
NULL
1.845
3.3
0
0
0
0
6.91
0
0
0.8
0.085
0.089
13.825
1.202
0.461
120
55
0
8.686
5.86
Tofu, raw, firm, prepared with calcium sulfate
Legumes and Legume Products
17.27
8.72
2.78
144
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
69.83
NULL
NULL
NULL
2.3
683
2.66
58
190
237
14
1.57
0.378
NULL
1.181
17.4
166
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0.2
0.158
0.102
0.381
0.133
0.092
29
NULL
0
1.261
0.48
Tofu, raw, regular, prepared with calcium sulfate
Legumes and Legume Products
8.08
4.78
1.87
76
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
84.55
0
0
0.62
0.3
350
5.36
30
97
121
7
0.8
0.193
NULL
0.605
8.9
85
NULL
NULL
NULL
0.01
0
NULL
0.1
0.081
0.052
0.195
0.068
0.047
15
28.8
0
0.691
1.57
Tofu, dried-frozen (koyadofu), prepared with calcium sulfate
Legumes and Legume Products
52.43
30.34
8.3
470
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
5.78
NULL
NULL
NULL
1.2
2134
9.73
181
483
20
6
4.9
1.179
NULL
3.689
54.3
0
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0.7
0.494
0.317
1.189
0.415
0.286
92
NULL
0
4.388
7.1
Tofu, fried, prepared with calcium sulfate
Legumes and Legume Products
18.82
20.18
8.86
270
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
50.52
NULL
NULL
NULL
3.9
961
4.87
95
287
146
16
1.99
0.398
NULL
1.495
28.5
0
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0
0.17
0.05
0.1
0.14
0.099
27
NULL
0
2.918
4.96
Tofu, salted and fermented (fuyu), prepared with calcium sulfate
Legumes and Legume Products
8.15
8
5.15
116
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
70.01
0
0
NULL
NULL
1229
1.98
58
73
75
2873
1.56
0.376
NULL
1.174
17.3
0
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0.2
0.157
0.101
0.379
0.132
0.091
29
NULL
0
1.157
5.15
Beans, pinto, mature seeds, canned, drained solids, rinsed in tap water
Legumes and Legume Products
7.04
0.97
20.77
117
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
70
0
0
NULL
NULL
64
1.27
30
96
234
212
0.59
0.26
NULL
0.37
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0.1
0.05
0.019
0.262
NULL
NULL
21
NULL
0
NULL
20.77
Beans, small white, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
8.97
0.64
25.81
142
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
63.24
NULL
NULL
NULL
10.4
73
2.84
68
169
463
238
1.09
0.149
NULL
0.51
1.3
0
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0
0.236
0.059
0.272
0.251
0.127
137
NULL
0
0.166
15.41
Beans, pinto, mature seeds, canned, solids and liquids, low sodium
Legumes and Legume Products
4.6
0.56
15.18
82
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
78.19
0
0
1.02
4.6
47
1.47
33
92
276
146
0.56
0.162
NULL
0.318
3.7
0
0
0
0
0.55
0
0
0.7
0.052
0.016
0.268
0.136
0.135
24
20.8
0
0.116
10.58
Beans, yellow, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
9.16
1.08
25.28
144
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
62.98
0
0
0.34
10.4
62
2.48
74
183
325
241
1.06
0.186
NULL
0.455
1.3
2
0
0
0
0.94
0
0
1.8
0.187
0.103
0.708
0.229
0.129
81
35.2
0
0.279
14.88
Beans, white, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
9.73
0.35
25.09
139
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
63.08
NULL
NULL
0.34
6.3
90
3.7
63
113
561
242
1.38
0.287
NULL
0.636
1.3
0
0
0
0
0.94
0
0
0
0.118
0.046
0.14
0.229
0.093
81
35.1
0
0.091
18.79
Broadbeans (fava beans), mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
7.6
0.4
19.65
110
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
71.54
NULL
NULL
1.82
5.4
36
1.5
43
125
268
241
1.01
0.259
NULL
0.421
2.6
15
0
9
0
0.02
0
0
0.3
0.097
0.089
0.711
0.157
0.072
104
30.6
0
0.066
14.25
Chickpeas (garbanzo beans, bengal gram), mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
8.86
2.59
27.42
164
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
60.21
NULL
NULL
4.8
7.6
49
2.89
48
168
291
243
1.53
0.352
NULL
1.03
3.7
27
0
16
0
0.35
0
0
1.3
0.116
0.063
0.526
0.286
0.139
172
42.8
0
0.269
19.82
Lentils, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
9.02
0.38
19.54
114
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
69.64
NULL
NULL
1.8
7.9
19
3.33
36
180
369
238
1.27
0.251
NULL
0.494
2.8
8
0
5
0
0.11
0
0
1.5
0.169
0.073
1.06
0.638
0.178
181
32.7
0
0.053
11.64
Peas, split, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
8.34
0.39
20.51
116
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
69.49
NULL
NULL
2.9
8.3
14
1.29
36
99
362
238
1
0.181
NULL
0.396
0.6
7
0
4
0
0.03
0
0
0.4
0.19
0.056
0.89
0.595
0.048
65
32.8
0
0.054
12.21
Lentils, pink or red, raw
Legumes and Legume Products
23.91
2.17
63.1
358
47.62
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
7.82
NULL
NULL
NULL
10.8
48
7.39
59
294
668
7
3.6
1.303
NULL
1.716
0
58
0
35
0
NULL
0
NULL
1.7
0.51
0.106
1.495
0.348
0.403
204
NULL
0
0.379
52.3
Lentils, raw
Legumes and Legume Products
24.63
1.06
63.35
352
49.9
1.47
0
0.27
0
0.3
0
8.26
0
0
2.03
10.7
35
6.51
47
281
677
6
3.27
0.754
NULL
1.393
0.1
39
0
23
0
0.49
0
0
4.5
0.873
0.211
2.605
2.14
0.54
479
96.4
0
0.154
52.65
Lentils, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, without salt
Legumes and Legume Products
9.02
0.38
20.13
116
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
69.64
0
0
1.8
7.9
19
3.33
36
180
369
2
1.27
0.251
NULL
0.494
2.8
8
0
5
0
0.11
0
0
1.5
0.169
0.073
1.06
0.638
0.178
181
32.7
0
0.053
12.23
Nuts, almond butter, plain, without salt added
Nut and Seed Products
20.96
55.5
18.82
614
0.08
4.34
0.02
0
0
0.07
0
1.64
NULL
NULL
4.43
10.3
347
3.49
279
508
748
7
3.29
0.934
NULL
2.131
2.4
1
0
1
0
24.21
0
1
0
0.041
0.939
3.155
0.318
0.103
53
52.1
0
4.152
8.52
Nuts, almonds, honey roasted, unblanched
Nut and Seed Products
18.17
49.9
27.9
594
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
1.7
NULL
NULL
NULL
13.7
263
2.83
240
400
560
130
2.6
0.97
NULL
2.003
NULL
0
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0.7
0.114
0.953
2.819
0.258
0.085
32
NULL
0
4.73
14.2
Nuts, almonds, dry roasted, with salt added
Nut and Seed Products
20.96
52.54
21.01
598
0.73
4.75
0.01
0.01
0
0.09
0
2.41
0
0
4.86
10.9
268
3.73
279
471
713
498
3.31
1.099
NULL
2.232
2
1
0
1
0
23.9
0
1
0
0.077
1.197
3.637
0.321
0.136
55
52.1
0
4.092
10.11
Nuts, almonds, oil roasted, with salt added
Nut and Seed Products
21.23
55.17
17.68
607
0.56
4.38
0.04
0
0
0.14
0
2.8
0
0
4.55
10.5
291
3.68
274
466
699
339
3.07
0.955
NULL
2.46
4.1
1
0
1
0
25.97
0
1
0
0.092
0.781
3.665
0.229
0.118
27
52.1
0
4.208
7.18
Nuts, almonds, oil roasted, with salt added, smoke flavor
Nut and Seed Products
21.43
55.89
17.86
607
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
2.8
NULL
NULL
3.57
10.7
286
3.86
286
NULL
679
548
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
25.13
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
3.571
7.16
Nuts, almonds, oil roasted, lightly salted
Nut and Seed Products
21.23
55.17
17.68
607
0.56
4.38
0.04
0
0
0.14
0
2.8
0
0
4.55
10.5
291
3.68
274
466
699
143
3.07
0.955
NULL
2.46
4.1
1
NULL
1
0
25.97
NULL
1
0
0.092
0.781
3.665
0.229
0.118
27
52.1
0
4.207
7.18
Nuts, almond butter, plain, with salt added
Nut and Seed Products
20.96
55.5
18.82
614
0.08
6.14
0.02
0
0
0.1
0
1.64
0
0
6.27
10.3
347
3.49
279
508
748
227
3.29
0.934
NULL
2.131
2.4
1
0
1
0
24.21
0
1
0
0.041
0.939
3.155
0.318
0.103
53
52.1
0
6.55
8.52
Nuts, hazelnuts or filberts
Nut and Seed Products
14.95
60.75
16.7
628
0.48
4.2
0.07
0.07
0
0
0
5.31
0
0
4.34
9.7
114
4.7
163
290
680
0
2.45
1.725
NULL
6.175
2.4
20
0
11
3
15.03
0
92
6.3
0.643
0.113
1.8
0.918
0.563
113
45.6
0
4.464
7
Nuts, hazelnuts or filberts, blanched
Nut and Seed Products
13.7
61.15
17
629
0.93
3.35
0.07
0.07
0
0
0
5.79
NULL
NULL
3.49
11
149
3.3
160
310
658
0
2.2
1.6
NULL
12.65
4.1
40
0
23
2
17.5
0
NULL
2
0.475
0.11
1.55
0.815
0.585
78
NULL
0
4.669
6
Nuts, hazelnuts or filberts, dry roasted, without salt added
Nut and Seed Products
15.03
62.4
17.6
646
1.1
4.75
0.07
0.07
0
0
0
2.52
NULL
NULL
4.89
9.4
123
4.38
173
310
755
0
2.5
1.75
NULL
5.55
4.1
61
0
36
1
15.28
0
NULL
3.8
0.338
0.123
2.05
0.923
0.62
88
NULL
0
4.511
8.2
Nuts, walnuts, black, dried
Nut and Seed Products
24.06
59.33
9.58
619
0.24
1
0.05
0.05
0
0
0
4.56
0
0
1.1
6.8
61
3.12
201
513
523
2
3.37
1.36
NULL
3.896
17
40
0
24
0
2.08
0
9
1.7
0.057
0.13
0.47
1.66
0.583
31
32.1
0
3.483
2.78
Nuts, walnuts, english
Nut and Seed Products
15.23
65.21
13.71
654
0.06
2.43
0.08
0.09
0
0
0
4.07
0
0
2.61
6.7
98
2.91
158
346
441
2
3.09
1.586
NULL
3.414
4.9
20
0
12
0
0.7
0
9
1.3
0.341
0.15
1.125
0.57
0.537
98
39.2
0
6.126
7.01
Nuts, walnuts, glazed
Nut and Seed Products
8.28
35.71
47.59
500
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
6.28
NULL
NULL
32.14
3.6
71
1.29
NULL
NULL
232
446
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
3.571
43.99
Nuts, walnuts, dry roasted, with salt added
Nut and Seed Products
14.29
60.71
17.86
643
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
4.39
0
0
3.57
7.1
71
2.57
151
329
459
643
2.98
1.487
NULL
NULL
5
19
0
11
0
0.9
0
8
1.4
0.521
0.298
2.217
NULL
0.526
91
38
0
5.357
10.76
Seeds, sesame seeds, whole, dried
Nut and Seed Products
17.73
49.67
23.45
573
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
4.69
0
0
0.3
11.8
975
14.55
351
629
468
11
7.75
4.082
NULL
2.46
34.4
9
0
5
0
0.25
0
0
0
0.791
0.247
4.515
0.05
0.79
97
25.6
0
6.957
11.65
Seeds, sesame seeds, whole, roasted and toasted
Nut and Seed Products
16.96
48
25.74
565
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
3.3
NULL
NULL
NULL
14
989
14.76
356
638
475
11
7.16
2.47
NULL
2.496
34.4
9
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0
0.803
0.251
4.581
0.051
0.802
98
NULL
0
6.722
11.74
Seeds, sesame seed kernels, toasted, without salt added (decorticated)
Nut and Seed Products
16.96
48
26.04
567
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
5
0
0
0.48
16.9
131
7.78
346
774
406
39
10.23
1.457
NULL
1.427
34.4
66
0
40
0
0.25
0
0
0
1.205
0.466
5.438
0.68
0.146
96
25.6
0
6.722
9.14
Seeds, sesame flour, partially defatted
Nut and Seed Products
40.32
11.89
35.14
382
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
6.61
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
150
14.3
362
810
425
41
10.7
1.432
NULL
1.403
NULL
69
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0
2.53
0.27
12.6
2.76
0.152
29
NULL
0
1.634
35.14
Seeds, sesame flour, low-fat
Nut and Seed Products
50.14
1.75
35.51
333
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
7.1
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
149
14.22
338
757
397
39
10
1.425
NULL
1.396
NULL
64
0
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
NULL
0
2.516
0.269
12.533
2.745
0.142
29
NULL
0
0.201
35.51
Seeds, sesame meal, partially defatted
Nut and Seed Products
16.96
48
26.04
567
NULL