Anti-Nutrient

Molecule:

Saponins

Foods:

Legumes, pseudo-grains, potatoes, red wine.
Saponins

How to Neutralize:

Different results in studies for soaking, cooking and fermentation. Cholesterol and bile.

Negative Effects:

Leaky-gut, disturbs digestive enzymes.

 

Lectins (phytohaemagglutinins): Phytohaemagglutinins or lectins are glycoproteins widely distributed in legumes and some certain oil seeds (including soybean) which possess an affinity for specific sugar molecules and are characterized by their ability to combine with carbohydrate membrane receptors (Pusztai, 1989). Lectins have the capability to directly bind to the intestinal muscosa (Almeida et al., 1991; Santiago et al., 1993), interacting with the enterocytes and interfering with the absorption and transportation of nutrients (particularly carbohydrates) during digestion (Santiago et al., 1993) and causing epithelial lesions within the intestine (Oliveira et al., 1989). Although lectins are usually reported as being heat labile, their stability varies between plant species, many lectins being resistant to inactivation by dry heat and requiring the presence of moisture for more complete destruction (Ayyagari et al., 1989; Poel et al., 1990; Almeida et al., 1991).

Food Name
Food Group
Protein (g)
Fat (g)
Carbohydrates (g)
Calories
Starch (g)
SucroseG
Glucose (g)
Fructose (g)
Lactose (g)
Maltose (g)
Alcohol (g)
Water (g)
Caffeine (mg)
Theobromine (mg)
Sugar (g)
Fiber (g)
Calcium (mg)
Iron (mg)
Magnesium (mg)
Phosphorus (mg)
Potassium (mg)
Sodium (mg)
Zinc (mg)
Copper (mg)
Flouride (mcg)
Manganese (mg)
Selenium(mcg)
Vitamin A(IU)
Retinol (mcg)
Beta Carotene (mcg)
Alpha Carotene (mcg)
Vitamin E (mg)
Vitamin D (mcg)
Lutein and Zeaxanthin
Vitamin C (mg)
Thiamin (B1) (mg)
Riboflavin (B2)(mg)
Niacin(B3)(mg)
Vitamin B5(mg)
Vitamin B6 (mg)
Folate (B9) (mg)
Choline (mg)
Cholesterol (mg)
Saturated Fat (g)
Net Carbs
Beans, baked, canned, no salt added
Legumes and Legume Products
4.8
0.4
20.49
105
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
72.6
0
0
7.78
5.5
50
0.29
32
104
296
1
1.4
0.206
NULL
NULL
4.5
106
0
64
0
0.15
0
16
3.1
0.15
0.06
0.43
NULL
0.13
24
30.8
0
0.103
14.99
Quinoa, uncooked
Cereal Grains and Pasta
14.12
6.07
64.16
368
52.22
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
13.28
NULL
NULL
NULL
7
47
4.57
197
457
563
5
3.1
0.59
NULL
2.033
8.5
14
0
8
0
2.44
0
163
NULL
0.36
0.318
1.52
0.772
0.487
184
70.2
0
0.706
57.16
Rye grain
Cereal Grains and Pasta
10.34
1.63
75.86
338
NULL
0.71
0.16
0.11
0
0
0
10.6
0
0
0.98
15.1
24
2.63
110
332
510
2
2.65
0.367
NULL
2.577
13.9
11
0
7
0
0.85
0
210
0
0.316
0.251
4.27
1.456
0.294
38
30.4
0
0.197
60.76
Wheat flour, whole-grain
Cereal Grains and Pasta
13.21
2.5
71.97
340
57.77
0.36
0
0.05
NULL
NULL
0
10.74
0
0
0.41
10.7
34
3.6
137
357
363
2
2.6
0.41
NULL
4.067
61.8
9
0
5
0
0.71
0
220
0
0.502
0.165
4.957
0.603
0.407
44
31.2
0
0.43
61.27
Amaranth grain, uncooked
Cereal Grains and Pasta
13.56
7.02
65.25
371
57.27
1.4
0.27
0.01
0
0.01
0
11.29
NULL
NULL
1.69
6.7
159
7.61
248
557
508
4
2.87
0.525
NULL
3.333
18.7
2
0
1
0
1.19
0
28
4.2
0.116
0.2
0.923
1.457
0.591
82
69.8
0
1.459
58.55
Soybeans, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
18.21
8.97
8.36
172
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
62.55
NULL
NULL
2.36
6
102
5.14
86
245
515
237
1.15
0.407
NULL
0.824
7.3
9
0
5
0
0.35
0
0
1.7
0.155
0.285
0.399
0.179
0.234
54
NULL
0
1.297
2.36
Beans, black, mature seeds, canned, low sodium
Legumes and Legume Products
6.03
0.29
16.55
91
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
75.64
0
0
0.23
6.9
35
1.9
35
108
308
138
0.54
0.192
NULL
0.233
1.3
4
0
0
0
0.62
0
0
2.7
0.14
0.12
0.62
0.184
0.055
61
23.2
0
0.075
9.65
Beans, kidney, all types, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
8.67
0.5
22.8
127
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
66.94
0
0
0.32
6.4
28
2.94
45
142
403
238
1.07
0.242
NULL
0.477
1.2
0
0
0
0
0.87
0
0
1.2
0.16
0.058
0.578
0.22
0.12
130
NULL
0
0.072
16.4
Beans, pinto, mature seeds, canned, solids and liquids, low sodium
Legumes and Legume Products
4.6
0.56
15.18
82
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
0
78.19
0
0
1.02
4.6
47
1.47
33
92
276
146
0.56
0.162
NULL
0.318
3.7
0
0
0
0
0.55
0
0
0.7
0.052
0.016
0.268
0.136
0.135
24
20.8
0
0.116
10.58
Beans, white, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
9.73
0.35
25.09
139
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
63.08
NULL
NULL
0.34
6.3
90
3.7
63
113
561
242
1.38
0.287
NULL
0.636
1.3
0
0
0
0
0.94
0
0
0
0.118
0.046
0.14
0.229
0.093
81
35.1
0
0.091
18.79
Broadbeans (fava beans), mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
7.6
0.4
19.65
110
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
71.54
NULL
NULL
1.82
5.4
36
1.5
43
125
268
241
1.01
0.259
NULL
0.421
2.6
15
0
9
0
0.02
0
0
0.3
0.097
0.089
0.711
0.157
0.072
104
30.6
0
0.066
14.25
Chickpeas (garbanzo beans, bengal gram), mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt
Legumes and Legume Products
8.86
2.59
27.42
164
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
NULL
60.21
NULL
NULL
4.8
7.6
49
2.89
48
168
291
243
1.53
0.352
NULL
1.03
3.7
27
0
16
0
0.35
0
0
1.3
0.116
0.063
0.526
0.286
0.139
172
42.8
0
0.269
19.82
Spinach, raw
Vegetables and Vegetable Products
2.86
0.39
3.63
23
NULL
0.07
0.11
0.15
0
0
0
91.4
0
0
0.42
2.2
99
2.71
79
49
558
79
0.53
0.13
NULL
0.897
1
9377
0
5626
0
2.03
0
12198
28.1
0.078
0.189
0.724
0.065
0.195
194
19.3
0
0.063
1.43
Alfalfa seeds, sprouted, raw
Vegetables and Vegetable Products
3.99
0.69
2.1
23
NULL
0
0.08
0.12
0
0
0
92.82
0
0
0.2
1.9
32
0.96
27
70
79
6
0.92
0.157
NULL
0.188
0.6
155
0
87
6
0.02
0
0
8.2
0.076
0.126
0.481
0.563
0.034
36
14.4
0
0.069
0.2