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"not show that lowering cholesterol makes a difference”

January 4, 1985


Science - Gina Kolata

Low Fat / Low Cholesterol Study
Diet-Heart Hypothesis

In the January 4, 1985, issue of Science, Gina Kolata covered the 47th consensus panel report from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), published some three weeks earlier. Since 1961, the American Heart Association had asked Americans to reduce their intake of saturated fats and cholesterol and recommended its “prudent diet” emphasizing fruits, vegetables, and vegetable oils. The NIH had been hesitant to take a firm position on the diet-heart hypothesis, according to Kolata, because the scientific literature focusing on the connection between dietary cholesterol and saturated fatty acids (SFA) on the one hand, and heart disease on the other, did “not show that lowering cholesterol makes a difference” (Kolata 1985).