Modern Eskimo populations eat 200+ grams of carbs and experience chronic disease as young as 10 years of age.
DIETARY NUTRIENTS AND ANTHROPOMETRY OF DENE/MÉTIS AND YUKON CHILDREN
ABSTRACT Objective. To describe nutrient intakes and anthropometry of 10-12-year-old Dene/Métis and Yukon children in the Canadian Arctic. Study design. 24h-recall interviews (n = 222 interviews) were conducted on Canadian Dene/Métis and Yukon children in five communities during two seasons in 2000 – 2001; the children were measured for height and weight (n = 216). Methods. Assessment of nutrient adequacy used Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) including cutpoint procedures. Anthropometric measurements (height and weight) were assessed and body mass index (BMI) was compared to the 2000 CDC Growth Charts. Results. Thirty-two percent of the children were above the 85th percentile of BMI-for-age. More than 50 percent of children were below the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) for vitamins A and E, phosphorus and magnesium; mean intakes were below the Adequate Intake (AI) for vitamin D, calcium, dietary fiber, omega-6 fatty acids, and omega-3 fatty acids. Nutrients that were probably adequate for some gender/season groups were protein, carbohydrate, iron, copper, selenium, zinc, manganese, riboflavin and vitamins B6 and C. Conclusions. Excessive prevalence of overweight and inadequacy of some nutrients were observed among Dene/Métis and Yukon children, suggesting a necessity for dietary improvement. However, many nutrients were adequate, in some cases probably due to continued traditional food use. (Int J Circumpolar Health 2005;64(2):147-156.) Key words: Indigenous people, arctic children, nutrient intake, anthropometry